Ollantaytambo (quechua: Ullantaytampu) its an archeological poblated inka town at the southside of Peru, 60 kilometers northeast to the city of Cuzco it easy to access by train or bus. Located in the Ollantaytambo district, Urubamba province, in the Cusco region. While the Inca empire, Pachacútec conquered this region and build this town and ceremonial center.
Around the conquistador times, it became a fort to Manco Inca Yupanqui, leader of the Inca resistance. Is the only town in the inca empire of Peru that its still inhabited. In Ollantaytambo theres resistence andenes ( platforms ) to avoid landslides, instead of being agricultural like most of the other archeological sites in Cusco. Nowadays its an important turistic attraction, due to the Incas construction and for being one of the most common starting points for the Inka Trek to Machu Picchu.
Ollantaytambo Valle Sagrado de los Incas or Ollantaytambo Incas Sacred Valley its about a typical example of the extraordinary urban planification of the incas, therefore its a must to whoever haves some interest in this civilization.
The streets made of meandering stones, the ruins all around and their argriculrural terraces are attractions that shine out for themselves. Amongst the ruins its recommendable to visit the old fortress and the temple, where magnificent views of the valley can be seen.
Most of Ollantaytambo’s views are a particular attraction . The panoramic of the snowed mountains and their green, blue and brown natural backgrounds are endless, creating the perfect natural surrounding where to do archeological turistic hiking.
Beautiful wherever you look at it, this ruins are a must in the (sacred valley) Valle Sagrado. Perhaps not as shocking as Machu Picchu, of course, but little to envy from it.
Ollantaytambo valle Sagrado de los incas, Incas sacred valley according to Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, a XVI century spanish cronist, emperor inca Pachacútec conquered and destroyed Ollantaytambo to afterwards add it to his empire. Under the Inkas government, the town was constructed with splendid buildings and the Urubamba river valley (valle del río Urubamba) was irrigated and provided of platforms: the town was used as irrigado y provisto de andenes; house of Inca nobles while the platforms were worked and build by the yanaconas, servants of the emperor. After Pachacútecs death this region passed on hands of his panaqa, his family group.
Durante la conquista, Ollantaytambo funcionó como capital temporal para Manco Inca Yupanqui, líder de la resistencia inca contra los conquistadores españoles. Bajo su mandato, el pueblo y sus alrededores fueron severamente fortificados en dirección a la antigua capital inca del Cusco, la cual había caído bajo dominio español. En el llano de Mascabamba, cerca a Ollantaytambo, Manco Inca derrotó una expedición española bloqueando su avance desde un conjunto de andenes e inundando el llano. Sin embargo, a pesar de su victoria, Manco Inca no consideró viable el permanecer en Ollantaytambo así que se retiró al espeso bosque de la zona de Vilcabamba. En 1540, la población nativa de Ollantaytambo fue asignada en encomienda a Hernando Pizarro.
So in other words this inka town was indomable. Never cpnquered by the spaniyards, because of this sourcerers and warriors that lived here.
The Ollantaytambo stitchers now try to pass on the power of this ancestral warriors and sorcerers, that were definitly connected to wachuma ( san pedro ) . So to all sorcerers, warriors or just people with good fashion taste we invite to check our washuma wear.